nuts & spice plants

Below is a list of nut/spice plants we have at our nursery. Clicking on them will take you to a brief description of each fruit. If you need availability/order information, feel free to contact us. We will be more than happy to help you!

All Spice
They do best in filtered sunlight, with night temperatures in the lower to mid 60s and day temperatures of 70F or higher. Plant them in any good commercial, fast draining potting soil . The soil should be kept on the moist side, but never soggy.

The plant requires abundant rainfall and a mean Temperature of 72º F (22ºC). A cardamom plantation is begun be clearing a site leaving a few trees for shade. The rhizomes are planted among the trees sending up 6 to 8 foot leafy shoots which give the plant a bushy appearance. When mature the plants send up flower spikes that produce the green cardamom capsules. It takes up to four years to obtain a full cardamom crop from such a planting.

Betelnut (Arecanut)
Moist soil, needs shade. The large seeds germinate easy. An excellent palm for the (sub) tropics. It can be successfully cultivated indoors. Cold sensitive; does not tolerate cold weather; does poorly at low 30ºs, F., severe cold damage may occur.

Black Pepper
Black peppers are of tropical origin, plants thrive best when temperatures are warm. Being sensitive to the cold, planting should be delayed until the danger of frost is past in the spring. Ideal temperatures are 70 to 80 degrees F during the day, and 60 to 70 degrees F at night. They grow best in warm, well-drained soils of moderate fertility and good tilth. The plants are not particularly sensitive to soil acidity, but best results are obtained in the 6.0 to 6.8 pH range. Adjust soil fertility as indicated by soil test results.

Cashews prefer deep, well drained, sandy textured soils with a watertable at least 1 m below the soil surface. They should not be grown on heavy clay soils. As cashews are mechanically harvested, steep slopes and rocky soils should be avoided. The pH should be moderately acid to neutral (5.5 to 7.0) and alkaline soils over pH 8.0 should be avoided. The mean monthly temperature during the day should not drop below 10oC and there is no maximum temperature limit. Cashews can tolerate temperatures in excess of 40o C. Regardless of the maximum temperatures during the dry season, irrigation is required for sustained high yield.

Cinnamon is harvested by growing the tree for two years and then coppicing it. The next year a dozen or so shoots will form from the roots. These shoots are then stripped of their bark which is left to dry. Only the thin inner bark is used; the outer woody portion is removed, leaving metre long cinnamon strips that curl into rolls on drying; each dried quill comprises strips from numerous shoots packed together. These quills are then cut to 5-10 cm long pieces for sale.

Cloves require a humid, warm tropical climate. It grows well in rich loamy soils of the humid tropics and can be grown successfully in the red soils as well as in the hilly terrain of the Western Ghats. Since the crop cannot withstand water logged conditions, clove needs good drainage. Clove prefers partial shade and a cooler climate with well distributed rainfall which is ideal for flowering. Cloves are usually propagated by seeds or by cuttings. Fruits for seed collection are allowed to ripe on the tree itself and drop down naturally. These fruits can be sown directly or soaked in water overnight and the pericarp removed before sowing.

Grow cocoa trees on small farms in hot, rainy environments, mostly in areas near the equator. Cocoa is a delicate and sensitive crop, and farmers must look after the trees, making sure the trees are protecting from the wind and sun. Such care is particularly important for younger trees, up to four years old.

Coconuts are persnickity about where they live. They cannot survive cold climates, and do poorly in temperate zones. Coconuts require the hot, humid weather of the tropical regions that stretch 25 degrees north to 25 degrees south of the equator all around the globe. There the sun shines steadily with plenty of rainfall to nurture the slow-growing coconut palm.

Nutmeg is grown in valleys from sea level to an altitude of 500 m.It is propagated by means of seeds. Its germination period is 6 weeks and the seedling is then transplanted into the ground. It takes seven years to obtain the first harvest. The older the tree is, the more productive it is and it reaches its full yield when between 15 and 30 years old.